The International Copper Study Group (ICSG) was established in 1992 in order to promote international co-operation on issues concerning copper by improving the information available on the international copper economy and by providing a forum for intergovernmental consultations on copper.
In order to fulfill its mandate, the Study Group has three objectives:
1. Promoting international cooperation on matters related to copper, such as health and the environment, research, technology transfer, regulations, and trade.
2. Providing a global forum where industry and governments can meet and discuss common problems/objectives. The ICSG is the only inter-government forum solely dedicated to copper. The meetings of the Study Group are open to government members, their industry advisors, and invited observers.
3. Increasing market transparency and promoting an exchange of information on production, consumption, stocks, trade, and prices of copper by forecasting production and consumption and by assessing the present and future capacities of copper mines, plants, smelters and refineries.
Dr. Executive Director, David Wilson of international lead meeting for the study (ILA) reports it about a new use trend of the lead. The direction for uses of the lead changed greatly in the past 50 years. The lead consumption for the world battery was only 27% of the whole lead consumption (about 800 1,000t), but, in end use of the lead in 1960's, grew up till I occupied 85% (about 7,000 1,000t) in 2009. When the use of the lead-acid battery separates you greatly, I can classify it in 2, and 1,800 lead 1,000t (the same year) are used to 5,300 lead 1,000t (2009), industrial use battery for the SLI function of the car (a car, a truck, a motorcycle) of the combustion engine. When I change with an increase basic tone without being influenced by an economic depression, and the demand for lead increases continuously in 2009, it is expected. The first factor to show the increase of the lead demand is that growth of the Chinese electric bicycle industry is remarkable. In 2000's, electric bicycle 1 in China was less than 1,000,000 of them, but increased to 100,000,000 of them at the end of 2009. In other words I would enlarge it for lead demand for one 1,000,000t in 2009 if lead of 10kg was needed for one electric bicycle at least by a lead-acid battery equipped with by an SLI function. In addition, in the microhybrid car, it increases about the "stop / driving" function of the engine that the SLI battery of the lead component is used, and it is used in BMW, PSA, GM, Ford, Mercedes, and it is standardized today. In addition, to this SLI battery, the lead of a lot of an average of four or fivekg is used than conventional SLI battery. In addition, the use (for the power sources of the motor), radioactive rays cover a lead-acid battery, and the use to a lead alloy cooling fast reactor for atomic energy, application to the magnetofluidmechanics, heat electric materials is expected in substitution for a NiMH battery now as a field of new end use of lead developing to a hybrid car.
A report was performed about a long view in a stainless steel clipping market, Japanese nickel supply and demand statistics, nickel exploitation of resources from industry. (1) A lecture about the world stainless steel clipping market was performed about a world stainless steel clipping market by Mr. Pawlitzki of ELG Haniel company (Germany). 2006 (an estimate) is 7.47 1,000,000t, and increase width is big, and the stainless steel clipping outbreak quantity is considered to be it in a tendency to decrease in the other areas in European (+7.7%) Chinese (+16.2%) by the anti-last year ratio regionally. Nickel 638 scrapping is estimated to be 1,000t. When define the difference of a clipping consumption and the quantity of collection as clipping deposits (Scrap Reserve), the clipping deposits increase year by year; of the future clipping collection potential can be increased. Increase of the use of the clipping will continue under the influence of the price remarkable rise in future, and the clipping deposits are big with the increase of the volume of production, too, and increase; is watched. (2) The Japanese nickel supply and demand and statistics A report was performed about Japanese nickel supply and demand statistics by Sumitomo Metal Mining ㈱ Masanori Oyama. The appearance consumption was import (75kt) + shipment (114.8kt) = 189.8kt with a thing calculated by import + shipment for 2005 years. The true consumption is first stock (30.5kt) + production (165.4kt) + import with a thing calculated in the first stock + production + import - export - end of a term by stock again for period in 2005 for period(75.0kt) It was stock (39.0kt) = 172.8kt in the - export (59.7kt) - end of a term. About import nickel waste (off cut nickel), it was imported as a clipping until 2002, but because I caused the gap of appearance consumption and the true consumption, I abolish this category now and treat it as roughness nickel. (3) A long view out of a thing of nickel A lecture was performed about a factor to affect the nickel supply and demand that the inside was long-term by Mr. Peter Cransfield of the nickel consultant. The world nickel consumption from 1960 increased at an average of 3% annual ratio. As for consumption 1.25 of 2005, Asia holds 47% at 1,000,000t. It was almost sideways movement in the developed nation whereas Chinese consumption lengthened with 25.2% greatly by 2005 from 2000. In the field of demand, stainless steel is 62%, nonferrous metal alloy 15%, battery 4%. 25%, laterite 鉱埋蔵量 are 75% pyrites deposits, and, for resources, importance of laterite 鉱 will increase in future. It is a problem recently that increasing laterite 型鉱開発 has a long lead time. A characteristic of the nickel industry is comparatively that the oligopoly advances. In addition, I tend to do the getting started of a new project after high demand, a price remarkable rise historically. In addition, as for the nickel development project, the capital collection type, a process are characteristic complicatedly. In the example of the recent development item, it takes eight or nine years from a development decision / start to a production start. For example, by a Voisey 's Bay project (Canada), it is the purchase by BHP by a purchase (1996) → production start (2005) by Inco, a Raventhorp project (Australia)(1999)→(A plan review) →By a production start plan (2007), the Goro project (New Caledonia), there are construction start (2000) → production start plans (2008). SIRIUS（シリウス）特典 アフィリエイト情報商材レビュー、特典 レビュー 特典 スリーミニッツキャッシュ レビュー LTM-TVレビュー アンリミテッドアフィリエイト 特典 Unlimited Affiliate レビュー 相互リンク一覧 37jw.com rpgcn.net mediamrad.org atu-economics.com fit2008.org